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File Manager

The File Manager Option within your Control Panel can handle many of the functions that an FTP client will handle, all from within your browser. Functions such as setting permissions, uploading files from your hard drive, creating and editing html files, or creating subdirectories can all be handled by the File Manager. 

The File Manager also allows you to view all of the files within your directories and subdirectories by sorting them in different orders. 

Navigating in File Manager

From the Control Panel, select the File Manager icon. 
The File Manager window appears:

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Once the File Manager window has opened, you will see a listing of directories and files located in your Current Directory, the path of which is displayed in the listing above.

  • File Manager does not display hidden files (i.e., files whose names begin with a period (.), such as ".htaccess").
     

  • The Permission, Delete, Rename, and Password columns will be discussed later in this section.

Each directory and file within the listing will appear as a hypertext link. In the image above, links appear blue and underlined. Simply click on any link to drill down into that directory. In the case of a file, clicking on its link will open the file (if it can be opened by the browser).

  • The image below shows what happens when you drill down into a directory. (In this case, the directory logs was opened.)

Click on the Parent Dir link to move "up" (or "back") one directory. In the example to the right, clicking on the link will move you from the user-logs directory back into the user directory.

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Sorting  Files

When in a directory that has a large number of files, the files are listed alphabetically by file name. Sometimes, it is desirable to see the listing of files sorted by the time (date) of their creation or by the size of the files, from largest to smallest.

On the bottom portion of the file manager, in each of your directories you will see the following tools.  Use these tools to perform their functions for the directory which you are in at the time.

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  • The alphabetical sorting option is case-sensitive. This means that file names beginning with upper-case letters come before file names beginning with lower-case letters. The sort order is A-Z, then a-z. This means, for example, you could have a file named WORDS.TXT listed before a file named a-plus.htm.
     

  • Once a Sort order has been specified, it will be applied to all listings for the duration of your session. To change the sort order back, repeat the process described above, and choose a different sort option.

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Changing File and Directory Permissions

Permissions can be set for your directories and files. These permissions determine who can view, write to, and/or use the directories and folders in your site.

The permission settings are each comprised of nine letters (or characters) in a row that appear to the far left of the listing for each directory or file. Each letter represents a type of access, while the position in the nine-digit string dictates who has that type of access.

The characters displayed in these settings can be r, w, x or -

  • r stands for read access; whoever has this level of access can view the file or directory.
  • w stands for write access; whoever has this level of access can overwrite existing files or write new files in the specified directory.
  • x stands for execute access; whoever has this level of access can run executable files.
  • - (the dash) indicates that no permission is given.

The first three positions in the nine-digit string are the permission settings for the owner. The second three digits are for any groups (if any groups are created), while the last three digits are the permission settings for others (anyone who is not the owner, or is not a part of a previously declared group).

To change permissions, click on any of the Permission Setting links for the desired file or directory. The Change Permission screen displays.

The Change permission of file or directory name message indicates which file or directory permissions you are changing. Once a directory's permissions are set, you can access specific sub-directories and files within the directory to alter the settings on an individual basis

  • Notice in the Change Permission screen the nine-digit setting is split up into the groups that were discussed earlier: Owner, Group and Others
     

  • As the owner of the file or directory, typically you should have full access, so all three settings r, w, x (read, write, execute) should be selected 

If you have set up groups (which involves the creation of a group and the addition of usernames into the group) select the appropriate permission settings.

  • If this group is a collection of people to which you are giving the ability to see and use files which you are otherwise denying to other people, then select the read and execute settings.
     

  • If this group is more of a workgroup, containing members who will be working with files and directories on your site, then it would be appropriate to select the write setting also

The Other settings depend on how much access you want to give provide globally

  • Typically, both read and execute access are given to everyone while write access is denied. This allows people to view and use your site without being able to change it.
     

  • However, there may be items that you wish to keep hidden from globally, in which case you would disable the read and, depending on the file or directory, execute permissions

When all of the settings are correct, select the Submit button to finalize the changes. The File Manager window reappears with the new settings

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Deleting Files & Directories

Specific files and directories can be deleted from your site using the File Manager option.

From the File Manager, select the Delete link that corresponds to the file or directory you would like to delete. The Delete Confirmation page displays.

If you are sure that you want to delete the file or directory, select the Confirm button.

After Confirm has been selected, the File Manager reappears, open to the most recent directory.

  • Warning: Deleting a directory automatically deletes all files and subdirectories located within it.

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Renaming Files and Directories

From the File Manager, select the Rename link that corresponds to the file or directory you would like to rename. The Rename Confirmation page displays.

If you are sure that you want to rename the file or directory, type the new name in the blank field and click the Confirm button.

After Confirm has been selected, the File Manager reappears, open to the most recent directory.

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Protecting Directories

The Directory Protection Manager has its own button in your control panel; but it is also available from the File Manager page. This tool allows you to set password protection on specified directories. This tool is accessed by clicking the Password link for the directory to which you would like to apply password protection.

From the File Manager, select the Password link that corresponds to the directory to which you would like to apply password protection. The Directory Protection Manager page displays.

In the section marked Choose the directory you would like to work with, the Directory field should display the desired directory. If it does not, select the appropriate directory by using the field’s drop-down list and clicking the Load button.

In the Add/Modify a user for directory: "directory name", type an existing or new user name in the User ID field.

Type a password for that user in the Password field. If you are creating a new user name, the password is created along with it. If you are modifying an existing user name, the original password is changed to whatever you enter.

Once the information is entered, select the Submit button. The Directory Protection Manager page reappears with an additional option available.

Now, there is a section called Remove a user for directory: directory name. Once there is a user set up with password access to the directory that user can be removed by selecting the user name from the User ID field then clicking on Remove.  To remove password protection from the directory, you will need to delete all the users.

When finished, select the link in the top right corner of the top frame to return to the Control Panel. There is no direct link straight back to the File Manager from here.  You may also use the back button on your browser to return you to previous pages within the File Manager.

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Uploading Files

You can upload files from your local computer to your site using File Manager.

In File Manager, move to the field near the bottom of the page entitled Send this file.

If you know the full path and filename for the file you would like to upload, type it into the field and skip the next step. If you do not, select the Browse… button.

In the File Upload window, select the file that you would like to upload. You may have to change the Files of type field for your file to be displayed in this window. Select the file for uploading by double-clicking it or by highlighting it with a single click and selecting the Open button. The File Upload window closes and you return to the File Manager. The Send this file field now displays the full path and filename of the file you selected.

  • Warning: You cannot upload files larger than 10240 KB in size. This is approximately 10 Mb.

Select the Upload button. A new page displays informing you that the file you selected has been uploaded

To return to File Manager, select the File Manager Main Menu link. To return to the main Control Panel page, select the Control Panel link located in the right corner of the top upper frame.

 

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